Theme Park Metatexts: An Aesthetics of Inclusion and Exclusion
Florian Freitag
This article uses the examples of guide maps, so-called autothemed rides, and apps to examine the aesthetics of theme park metatexts, that is, medial representations of theme parks or parts thereof that are produced by the parks themselves and that serve as a medial interface between the park landscape and its visitors. Such theme park metatexts have frequently been employed as sources in theme park research, but have only very rarely been figured as objects of research themselves. Based on Lukas’s description of theme parks’ representational strategies as a “politics of inclusion / exclusion,” the essay argues that theme park metatexts stress certain aspects of the park while deemphasizing others, and thus have a major impact on the way visitors anticipate, experience, and remember the park. This applies to more “traditional” forms of metatexts such as printed guide maps, which are handed out for free to theme park visitors,
Page 1-10
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Culture, Agency, and Realism: Three Roles Things Play in Fictional Narratives
Weisheng Tang
There has been an obvious “turn” to things or nonhumans in contemporary narrative studies, that is, a turn to “things” that have been largely neglected in the past, including animals, plants, minerals, ecosystem, landscapes, places, etc. Basically, things can play three roles in fictional narratives: things that, as cultural signifiers, reflect (or influence) human culture, things that, as ...
Page 11-22
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Identity Formation and Cosmopolitan Vision in Asian-American Literature
Anfeng Sheng, Seon-Kee Kim
Asian-American literature is often identified as foreign by Asians and considered inauthentic American literature by the American mainstream. However, this minority group literature is unique in its characteristics so that it cannot be easily judged by either Asian or American norms. In order to better understand Asian-American literature, it is necessary to study how the members of Asian immig...
Page 23-29
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“He Did Not Call Himself an Artist”: Revisiting Ronald Johnson’s Outsider Aesthetic
Norman Finkelstein
Ronald Johnson’s relationship to outsider art has long been recognized as crucial to our understanding of his poetry. In interviews and other statements, the poet often affirms his connections with the self-taught makers of fantastic, visionary sculptural environments. The works of such figures as Simon Rodia, le Facteur Cheval, Raymond Isidore, and James Hampton serve as formal and thematic m...
Page 30-38
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Aye, Two: Langston Hughes’s Sandburgian-Whitmanian Affirmation
Steven Tracy
Langston Hughes’s work must be seen in context and continuity not only with African American writers like Paul Laurence Dunbar, W. E. B. Du Bois, and James Weldon Johnson, but with acknowledged white forebears such as Walt Whitman and Carl Sandburg. A look at poems by Whitman and Sandburg reveal a writer who modeled some of his work on the writings of the earlier poets, revealing his own aesth...
Page 39-48
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The Questing, Passive Gaze: Ezra Pound’s “Yeux Glauques,” John Ruskin, and the Pre-Raphaelite Moment
Mark Scroggins
“Yeux Glauques,” the sixth poem of Ezra Pound’s 1920 Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, has been read as an indictment of Victorian viewers’ and readers’ rejection of Pre-Raphaelite art and poetry, a rejection proleptic of Georgian readers’ rejection of Pound’s own innovations. This is largely accurate. But the poem’s citation (in its first stanza) of John Ruskin’s “Of Kings’ Treasuries” can be...
Page 49-56
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Augusta Savage’s “Lift Every Voice and Sing” (The Harp) as a Work of “Objective” Art
Jon Woodson
​Augusta Savage’s “Lift Every Voice and Sing” is discussed as a composite work showing influences from ancient Egyptian musical instruments, surrealism, August Rodin, and ancient Egyptian funerary and devotional sculpture. The sculpture is a significant departure from the social realist sculpture of the New Deal era. “Objective” artworks like Savage’s sculpture have been overwritten by i...
Page 57-74
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Post-War American Poetry: An Environmental Perspective
James Sherry
This essay describes the connections between the important groups of innovative, avant-garde, and experimental poetry and poetics emerging in the United States since the Vietnam War: language writing, Flarf, conceptualism, identity poetries, and environmental poetry. The method shows an example of how to look at writing through both close reading and from a distance. Understanding the variety o...
Page 75-90
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Hybrid Hierophanies: Where Rastafari Meets Religious Ecology in Kei Miller’s The Cartographer Tries to Map a Way to Zion
Karen McCarthy Woolf
Ecocriticism is a comparatively new and vital discipline that responds to the literatures of an increasingly urgent environmental crisis. Yet, while its remit within materialist and secular thought is diversifying to include postcolonial, cultural, and queer theories, alongside geography and other earth sciences, there is less conversation with complementary and syncretic disciplines such as ec...
Page 91-102
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Happy in the Mother Country: Liminality in Samuel Selvon’s The Lonely Londoners
Anthony Joseph
​ Liminality theory remains underused in discussions of post World War II Caribbean writing in the UK. This essay re-considers Samuel Selvon’s seminal 1956 novel The Lonely Londoners through the lens of liminality. In this essay, liminality is used as a lens through which the novel’s characters, structure, locations, and language are viewed. The Lonely Londoners emerges as the prototypical l...
Page 103-116
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