African American Literature and the Gothic: Some Critical Usage Considerations
Martin Japtok
As the term gothic has moved out from its confined space in 18th and 19th century European literature and is now applied to many literatures, both past and present, its definition has also become more and more expansive. The essay argues that critics should be more modest in the application of the gothic, not least by asking themselves whether “gothic” is the appropriate term to use to descri...
Page 1-10
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Reading Li Shang-yin
Massimo Verdicchio
The fate of poets like Li Shang-yin, who are labeled “medieval,” is never to be modern. Critics both ancient and modern read them within a perspective they call “medieval” and will not allow these poets the freedom of expression which is rightly theirs and which qualifies them as baroque and, hence, “modern.” In the paper I examine the case of Li Shang-yin and what makes him not only a gr...
Page 11-23
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Maggie O’Sullivan’s Notational Poetics
A. J. Carruthers
The poetry of Maggie O’Sullivan, a poet associated with the British Poetry Revival, activates prosodic dissonance and incorporates music, which is to say musical scores. In works like From the Handbook of That & Furriery and Palace of Reptiles, musical scores are collaged into the body of the poem. Using the phrase “notational poetics,” this analysis is as much concerned with poems that soun...
Page 24-30
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Richard Wright’s “Basket of Deplorables”: The Return of the Lumpenproletariat in U.S. Political Discourse
Joshua Lam
​Political coverage of the US presidential election of 2016 involved numerous theories about the motivations of Donald Trump’s supporters. These theories were often tied to racial and socioeconomic demographics, and based in speculations about racism and prejudice. Some of the rhetoric in these speculations, such as Hillary Clinton’s “basket of deplorables” analogy and the informal term “...
Page 31-44
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“A Vagabond and a Slave”: Frankenstein as (African-American) Slave Narrative
Grant Matthew Jenkins
Although several studies have examined the influence of the context of slavery on Romanticism as well as Romanticism’s influence on the discourse of abolition, few have considered the ways in which narratives by former slaves who lived in the Americas have conditioned the production of Romanticism. Written soon after the abolition of the slave trade in England, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein in ...
Page 45-60
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In Search of a Nuyorican Sixties: Reading the Pedro Pietri and Jack Agüeros Archives
Urayoán Noel
Although Nuyorican poetry is typically identified with the founding of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe in the 1970s, New York Puerto Rican had been active since the 1960s, embodying a poetic and political activism that would help define the Nuyorican tradition. The institutional archives of two of these poets, Pedro Pietri (1943-2004) and Jack Agüeros (1934-2014), reveal the richness and complexity o...
Page 61-71
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“Seek it in Poetry”: John Dewey, William Carlos Williams, and Avant-Gardist Educational Reform
Alan Golding
This essay looks at the unlikely conjunction of avant-garde poetics, educational reform, and the ideas of John Dewey in the work of William Carlos Williams, a conjunction unaddressed in the major critical treatment of Williams and Dewey, John Beck’s Writing the Radical Center. I focus mainly on Williams’s work of the 1920s, when he was reading Dewey’s essays in The Dial and thinking through ...
Page 72-78
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Writing Poetry that Focuses on the Autobiographical
Hank Lazer
Poetry has other possibilities than the autobiographical. This essay presents an argument against an over-reliance on a Western bourgeois capitalist concept of the self and self-expression in contemporary American poetry. An alternative balance is presented through Zen Buddhist and Daoist perspectives on the self, particularly as seen in the writing of Dogen, ancient Chinese poetry, and, more r...
Page 79-86
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Ashbery Alpha and Omega: Presentism, Historicism, and Vice Versa
Barrett Watten
This reading of a single poem from the last collection of verse John Ashbery published before his death in 2017 sees it as an example of a concept of “presentism” that differs from modernist or postmodern accounts of the “present” associated with abstraction or immanence. Rather, Ashbery’s presentism is historical in being based on overlapping and discontinuous linguistic and experiential ...
Page 87-93
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Integrating Culture into Beginner-Level Chinese Language Teaching
Page 94-103
Culture is widely regarded as imperative for foreign language (FL) education because culture and language intertwine when people use language for communication. Many teachers and scholars who agree with this argument tend to integrate culture into advanced-level language courses. However, culture is insufficiently integrated into beginner-level FL courses. This insufficiency comes from teachers...
Guangyan Chen
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